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Eg sub-basin watershed management plan (Mongolia)

Mongolia Water Forum-ushelts
  • · Baselines on socio-economic and ecological condition of  Eg sub-basin were established. Baseline data on economic activities and their impacts on the environment: (e.g. water quality, aquatic biodiversity) were collected.
  • · The initial draft of Eg sub-basin watershed management plan was prepared.
  • · In 2014 endorsement letters from MNET and relevant authorities of those draft plans will be received.

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    Ider sub-basin watershed management plan (Mongolia)

    Mongolia Water Forum-ushelts
    • · Baselines on socio-economic and ecological condition of  Ider sub-basin were established. Baseline data on economic activities and their impacts on the environment: (e.g. water quality, aquatic biodiversity) were collected.
    • · The initial draft of Ider sub-basin watershed management plan was prepared.
    • · In 2014 endorsement letters from MNET and relevant authorities of those draft plans will be received.

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      Khilok sub-basin watershed management plan (Zabaikalsky Krai, Russia)

      Kochneva Natalia, Russia
      • · Current basin management strengths and weaknesses were studied.
      • · Baselines on socio-economic and ecological condition of target sub-basin Khilok Watershed/Zabaikalsky Krai, The Russian Federation for further development of river basin management plans for those watersheds of Selenga Basin were established.
      • · Sub-basin management plan in cooperation with respective authorities was prepared.
      • · Endorsement letter from Ministry of Natural Resources and relevant authorities of that plan was received.

      Download sub-basin plan

      Download endorsement letter 1

      Download endorsement letter 2

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        Tugnuy-Sukhara sub-basin watershed management plan (Buryatia, Russia)

        Taisiya Bardakhanova, Russia
        • · Current basin management strengths and weaknesses were studied.
        • · Baselines on socio-economic and ecological condition of target sub-basin Tugnuy-Sukhara/Buryatia, The Russian Federation for further development of river basin management plans for those watersheds of Selenga basin were established.
        • · Sub-basin management plan in cooperation with respective authorities was prepared.
        • · Endorsement letter from Minister of Natural Resources and relevant authorities of that plan was received.

        PDF document icon Tugnui-Sukhara sub-basin plan

        PDF document icon Tugnui-Sukhara sub-basin plan - Endorsement letter 1

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          The joint project with OECD for Selenga Sub-basin - Evaluation of effectiveness in IWRM

          Group of consultants

          This work started in 2013 and will be done parallel to the OECD Special Working Group Project (Action Program of nature protection in Central and Eastern Europe) on improvement of water resource usage of economic instruments and Buryatia water economic complex management. The customer will assist the contractor to settle working relations with the mentioned Project. It is expected that both works will closely interact with each other and use possible synergetic effects as much as possible.

          The assignment is expected to deliver the following baseline data and products:

          • Analysis of existing accounting and cost control system of organizations of water-supply, drainage, irrigation and collector-drainage networks.
          • Analysis of work productivity and efficiency of these organizations, as well as system of incentives to economic efficiency and productivity rise.
          • Analysis of effectiveness of budgetary funds usage, which are directed to modernization and development of appropriate water economic systems.

          Development of recommendations and their approbation for improvement of accounting and cost control system, strengthening of incentives to economic efficiency and productivity rise of water organizations, incentives to rise of effectiveness of budgetary funds usage, which are directed to modernization and development of appropriate water economic systems.

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          Development of a Sub-basin Essential Fish Habitat Model

          FSUE “State research and development center of fishery”, Baikal branch

          This study identified a location of strongholds of aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem health in the Basin as well as degraded watersheds to facilitate maintaining the former and improving the latter. A detailed gap analysis and mapping of existing data on protected areas, biodiversity, and productive sector practices and their impact (Essential Fish Habitat (EFH), PA coverage, species distribution, abundance and condition, active mining claims) was made. Essential fish habitat descriptions, EFH maps and fish stock recommendations were prepared.

          Report 063 - Fish habitat

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          Biodiversity conservation standards and biodiversity management objectives for tourism and mining

          Gunin Petr and Bazha Sergey, Moscow, Russia
          • · Best practice conservation standards for mining using international and regional examples were elaborated.
          • · Gap analysis concerning best practices and the existing policies and standards in mining and tourism sector in Russia and Mongolia was provided.
          • · Recommendations for changes to local and national policies, legislation and regional development plans to enhance biodiversity protection in mining and tourism sector were developed.
          • · Recommendations for EIA process in mining and tourism sector to make it more biodiversity relevant and focused were developed.
          • Ecotourism and pollution avoidance aspects for tourism plans in the region, especially those being developed in Irkutsk and Buryatia were studied.

          Report 1 - Biodiversity and tourism

          Report 2 - Biodiversity and mining

          Report 3 - GAP analysis of Russia and Mongolia, recommendations

          Report 4 - Recommendations for EIA and Tourism plans

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            Review and rank upgrade needs for Mongolian municipalities in the Selenge River basin, including the identification of ongoing and planned water and sanitation projects, focusing on Kharaa River Basin pollution assessment

            UNESCO Division of Water Sciences - International Hydrological Programme (IHP)
            • · Enhancement of knowledge and information on water pollution from urban areas and industrial operations
            • · Development and proposal of policy recommendations for integrated approaches to water, sanitation and wastewater in urban areas with the aim to prevent, control and reduce water pollution from municipalities, industrial areas and mining operations
            • · Development and proposal of policy recommendations and approaches to enhance water quality and ecosystems health with the aim to incorporate them as an integral part of existing national water strategies and policies
            • · Increase of public awareness of policy-makers, municipal authorities, industrial operators, and local communities on the impact of water pollution on human health and the environment;
            • · Strengthening of cooperation between Mongolia and Russia on the management of transboundary water pollution
            • · Strengthening of national capacities to protect and enhance water quality through policy advice, priority setting, and awareness raising.

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            Download Water Quality of Kharaa River Basin in Mongolia

            Download Water and Sanitation in Selenge River Basin in Mongolia

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              Monitoring of water quality of the Selenga Delta

              Baikal Institute of Nature Management SB RAS, Ulan-Ude, Russia
              • Seasonal and annual physicochemical and hydrobiological parameters, which characterize water quality and bottom sediments of the Selenga delta, were analyzed.
              • The received results were summarized;
              • Contemporary ecological conditions of the Selenga river ecosystem were evaluated.
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              Groundwater resource assessment as a contribution to the TDA, including surface water - groundwater interactions and groundwater dependent ecosystem in the Baikal Basin

              UNESCO Division of Water Sciences - International Hydrological Programme (IHP)
              • · Proposal of policy recommendations for sustainable integrated management of transboundary groundwater and surface water resources based on holistic, multidisciplinary, trans-sectoral and environmentally sound approaches with the scope to incorporate them into country National Water Master Plan.
              • · Enhancement of role of Russian – Mongolian transboundary water commission unit and address proposals for sound development, exploitation and protection of transboundary groundwater resources in shallow aquifers to minimize potential international conflicts and competing demands for groundwater resources and social and ecological side-effects on populations.
              • · Proposal of design of transboundary groundwater monitoring networks and standardized methodology for observation groundwater quantitative and qualitative parameters and transboundary pollution transport.
              • · Proposal of establishment of Russian – Mongolian GIS databases to facilitate the storage and retrieval of groundwater data from transboundary aquifers for different uses and enhance institutional and legal frameworks to manage, share and use data on international level.
              • · Increase of public awareness about importance and vulnerability of transboundary groundwater resources and propose adaptation measures in the context of climate change influence on different types of aquifers (shallow, karstic, deep).
              • · Enhancement of governance capacities and institutional and legal frameworks in support of effective and sustainable groundwater protection policy based on participatory approach involving policy makers, water scientists and managers, water stakeholders and general public.
              • · Strengthen capacities for the sustainable management and well head protection policy of transboundary aquifers through capacity building and training at all levels to improve transboundary water cooperation, planning and management.

               

              Download Report Lake Baikal - ENG

              Download Report Lake Baikal - RUS

              Download Report Lake Baikal - MON

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                Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis of the Lake Baikal Basin

                ANO “Center of international projects” (Moscow), Institute of GeoEcology (Ulaanbaatar), Saskia Marijnissen

                The extensive review and updating of the preliminary Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis of 2008 was finalized in 2013. Updated TDA additionally includes specific studies like climate change assessment, groundwater pollution risks and ground / surface water intermixing, Selenga Delta study and etc.

                The Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis was printed in Russian, Mongolian and English.

                Download TDA document (English)

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                2013 Summary

                Brief summary of the project achievements in 2013 year

                According to 2013 work pla2013 summaryn, within the scope of the Project’s realization, 36 activities were under implementation.
                The Project supported and participated in different events relevant to its goals and tasks. Totally in 2013, the Project Implementation Unit took part in 46 events. More than 60 mass media sources published information about project activities. The list of such events is attached.
                The Project web-site worked in Russian, Mongolian and English. Information was regularly updated. 
                Approved second year budget was 1 143 690.97 USD. Expenditures by the end of 2013 amounted to 1 106 230.92 USD. The 2013 Project budget was realized by 97%.
                All project reports and results are available on the Project web site: http://baikal.iwlearn.org/

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                Complex eco-travel tour for the Baikal State Nature Biosphere Reserve

                NGO "Baikal Eco-Touristic Association"
                • Development of eco-touristic package structure taking into consideration a biodiversity preservation and its reconciliation and approval by Head of the Reserve and leading touristic operators of the Republic of Buryatia and the Irkutsk Region;
                • Development of complex touristic product in English and Russian based on approved structure of eco-touristic package, the product will include a descriptive and substantial parts, technological and financial tour maps; photo and video presentations of every tour.
                • Development of design and informational structure of touristic site of the Reserve based on created touristic package and its approval by Head of the Reserve;

                PDF document icon Download preliminary report - Eco-travel tour BSNB Reserve.pdf

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                  Development of technological solutions for minimization of anthropogenic impact of ore gold mining and processing enterprises on environment (Holbinsky)

                  Baikal Institute of Nature Management SB RAS, Ulan-Ude, Russia

                    Recommendations about methods of waste / reused waste waters purification from pollutants typical for gold mining which can control threats to water ecosystem and biodiversity were drawn up.

                    PDF document icon Download final report - Pilot project Holbinsky, Russia.pdf

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                      Extension of eco-trail “Cedar Alley” and enhancement of biodiversity compatible comprehensive botanical tour for it in the Baikal State Nature Biosphere Reserve, Tankhoi, Buriatiya, Russia

                      FSBI “Baikal State Nature Biosphere Reserve”
                      Extension of eco-trail “Cedar Alley” and enhancement of biodiversity compatible comprehensive botanical tour for it in the Baikal State Nature Biosphere Reserve, Tankhoi, Buriatiya, Russia

                      Cedar alley

                      • • Design-estimate documentation for installation of biological central treatment facilities in the main farmstead of Baikal State Natural Biosphere Reserve was developed.
                      • • A biological central treatment facilities in the main farmstead of Baikal State Natural Biosphere Reserve was installed and all administrative buildings, visit-center, garage, outside toilets, bathhouse, teahouse, and guesthouse were connected to it. The supposed capacity of treatment facilities is 70 persons per day.
                      • • A reconnaissance of the eco-trail “Cedar Alley” was performed.
                      • • A conception of extension of the eco-trail “Cedar Alley” starting from visit center was developed.
                      • • A toilet at the beginning of eco-trail “Cedar Alley” and its connection to the central treatment facilities was set up.
                      • • The eco-trail “Cedar Alley” was rebuilt and extended.
                      • • A biodiversity compatible comprehensive botanical tour for the eco-trail “Cedar Alley” was prepared in English and Russian.
                      • • A content and publishing information materials for visit center about developed comprehensive botanical tour for eco-trail “Cedar Alley” were developed in English and Russian.

                        PDF document icon Download report - 065 - Cedar Alley.pdf

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                        Development of technological solutions for minimization of anthropogenic impact of adit mine waters of Kholodninsky poly-metal deposit on water ecosystems.

                        Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Russia
                          • · Recommendations for exploratory adit mine waters cleaning from heavy metals and their transition from sulphate and hydrocarbonate-sulphate type to near natural hydrocarbonate-calcium type were worked out;
                          • · Recommendations for designing of hydrotechnical constructions of exploratory adit mine waters of Kholodninsky deposit were drawn up.

                            PDF document icon Download report 042 - Pilot project mining Holodn. Russia

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                              Development of optimal technological solutions for safe storage, retreatment, neutralization and utilization of toxic substances, contained in waste products of inoperative mining enterprise “Dzhidinsky”.

                              Geological Institute SB RAS, Ulan-Ude, Russia
                                • · Recommendations for transition of fast toxic components in hardly soluble compound were elaborated;
                                • · Recommendations for transition of tungsten in water soluble form with the purpose of further hydrometal extraction in the form of products were worked out
                                • · Estimation of water biodiversity condition in the region as a result of developed measures of safe storage, recycling, neutralization and utilization of toxic substances, contained in wastes of Dzhidinzky mining plant was carried out.
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                                    Intercalibration of analytical procedures for analytes, included into harmonized program of hydrochemical monitoring for Selenga river basin

                                    Hydrochemical Institute, Rostov-on-Don, Russia Central Chemical Laboratory of Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment (Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia)
                                    • · Results of determination of chosen indicators by comparable methods which is used by both sides for estimation of the Selenga river basin surface waters quality were received;
                                    • · Determination of water composition and properties by single or comparable methods of analysis using certified sensitive or selective measuring methods was made;
                                    • · Recommendations and cost enhancements to existing monitoring regime were elaborated.
                                    • · Two Mongolian specialists from  chemical laboratory of Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment (Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia) were trained in Hydrochemical Institute, Rostov-on-Don, Russia during one week.
                                    • · PCU started a process of  Purchasing an ion chromatograph for chemical laboratory of Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment (Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia) based on recommendations in the Joint Harmonized Water Quality Monitoring program

                                      Download report 039 - Intercalibration Russia

                                      Download report 038 - Intercalibration Mongolia

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                                      Lake Baikal Project - the partner of tourism year.

                                      There are participation in EUROPARK conference, “Baikal without boundaries” documentary preparation, development of touristic plans compatible with biodiversity were developed.

                                      Event details

                                      When

                                      Dec 06, 2013
                                      from 09:35 AM to 09:35 AM

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                                      10 events and services were supported by the project during the year of tourism. There are participation in EUROPARK conference, “Baikal without boundaries” documentary preparation, development of touristic plans compatible with biodiversity were developed.

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                                      IV All-Russian congress of environmental protection of Natural Resources Ministry of Russia.

                                      Event details

                                      When

                                      Dec 02, 2013 09:35 AM to
                                      Dec 04, 2013 09:35 AM

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                                      Congress is the biggest event of the Year of Environmental Protection, which is being held in Russia. Among the participants - representatives of government, business, scientific and educational organizations, experts and social activists.

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